In recent years Portugal has seen the creation of professional organizations in order to defend certain professionals. Fool who thinks that these are civil society organizations. These organizations are created by the State through a law that limits the market, requires payments to business and limits the access to the professions. Journalists, lawyers, architects, biologists, economists, nurses, engineers, pharmacists, doctors, dentists, veterinarians, notaries, psychologists, auditors, solicitors, accountants and technical engineers have professional organizations. In recent years the list has been increasing.
On May 17, 2011, the Portuguese government signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Specific Economic Policy Conditionality with IMF and European Comission. The measures in the Memorandum of Understanding should break the power of the professional organizations of Portugal. And the Government of Portugal must implement the measures by the end of the year:
- “Eliminate restrictions to the use of commercial communication (advertising) in regulated professions, as required by the Services Directive.”
- “Review and reduce the number of regulated professions and in particular eliminate reserves of activities on regulated professions that are no longer justified.”
- “Adopt measures to liberalize the access and exercise of regulated professions by professionals qualified and established in the European Union.”
- “Further improve the functioning of the regulated professions sector (such as accountants, lawyers, notaries) by carrying out a comprehensive review of requirements affecting the exercise of activity and eliminate those not justified or proportional.”